Gender & Migration
Most, if not all of DFD members have gender components in their respective programs. The gender aspect is incorporated in peace building, economic activities, education, and health programs, among others. Hirda, for one, works to ensure that more girls can go to school, campaigns against female genital mutilation, develops livelihood alternatives for women and girls in Somalia. Damayan facilitated the formation and training of a women federation in the Philippines which now runs a community market. Others are engaged in awareness-raising and campaigning to stop violence against women and female genital mutilation.
Organizations which are active in this theme are Vital Aid Foundation (Nigeria), Redeem Foundation (Congo), VOND (Sudan), African Sky (Somalia), BASUG (Bangladesh), FAVON (Afghanistan), Pearl of Africa (Rwanda) and Mamawatoto (Uganda). DFD intends to give appropriate attention to the feminization of labor in the coming program period. According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), there were an estimated 191 million migrants worldwide in 2005, up from 176 million in 2000. Migrants comprise 3.0 per cent of the global population. The number of the migrants worldwide would constitute the fifth most populous country in the world. Gender differences in labor migration flows are diminished by a growing demand for female labor particularly in the service sector: childcare, elderly care, healthcare, domestic service, hospitality, and entertainment as well as hotel and restaurant industries. In Europe, women now comprise 53% of all migrants; the highest rate in comparison to other regions (Taran, P., Council of Europe 2008).